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The founder of Khanquah Mujeebia, Phulwari Sharif is Hazrat Tajul Aarfeen Makhdoom Shah Mujeebullah Quadri. This monastery has been named as Khanquah Mujeebia related to his name. This great sufi was born in 1098 A.H. i.e. 1688 A.D. and breathed his last in 1191 A.H. i.e. 1778 A.D. His grave is under a tomb of the garden of Khanquah Mujeebia.

HazratMakhdoom Peer MujeebullahQuadri was an ancient and miraculous personality of Quadria Sect (Silsila). He was also authenticated to other silsilas such as Chishtiya, Soharwardia, Firdausia and Naqshbandia etc. and took Baiat of persons in every silsilas, gave spiritual education to them and handed over Shajrah of each silsila to them separately. The spiritual followers of Hazrat are spreaded over in and outside the country.

HazratTajulAarfeen Peer MujeebullahQuadri received his religious education from his cousin, (son of his paternal aunt). His holiness Hazrat Khwaja Emaduddin Qalander Quadri and, there after, going to Varanasi, completed his education under the guidance of eminent scholar and spiritual leader of the time Hazrat Maulana Syed Waris Rasul Numa Banarasi. He got authentic grip over all branches of religious knowledge and contemporary education such as philosophy and logic. After getting spiritual training by Hazrat Rasul Numa Banarasi and Hazrat Khwaja Emaduddin Qalander he became their successor and caliph. He surrendered himself in the path of Tariquat to the hands of Hazrat Khwaja Emaduddin Qalander.

Staying atPhulwari Sharif, he started the work of preaching and spiritual guidance in 1124 A.H. i.e. 1714 A.D. This is the foundation year of Khanquah Mujeebia. Thus Khanquah Mujeebia has completed its journey of three centuries since 1124 A.H., the year of its foundation till date.

Khanquah Mujeebia is a famous monastery of India and a spiritual centre of the Muslims. The great personalities of Khanquah Mujeebia always led to the Muslims in their religious and national affairs. Khanquah Mujeebia is established since three hundred years ago with a complete system, principles, customs and tradition and is rendering its educational, religious and spiritual services.

There is a grand mosque in the premises of Khanquah where the prayers of Idds and Fridays are performed punctually in addition to five times daily congregational prayers. The people from far and away throng here to attend the prayers of Idd&Baqr-a-Idd. A big crowd is gathered on the occasion. The maintenance of the mosque is in the hands of the Sajjada Nasheen of the Khanquah.

Three hundred years ago, the founder of the Khanquah, Hazrat Tajul Aarfeen Makhdoom Shah Peer Mujeebullah Quadri had established an educational institution in the Khanquah which is known as Darul Uloom Mujeebia. This institution has been rendering its educational services since last three centuries. The Madrasa is run and managed by contributions of common people. Many branches of Darul Uloom Mujeebia are working in the states of Bihar, Jharkhand and Orissa. In the days of Hazrat Peer Mujeebullah Quadri, Non Muslim students also came to this Madrasa to receive education of Arabic and Persian language and literature. Maulana Monazir Ahsan Geelani writes; the founder of Brahmo Samaj, Raja Ram Mohan Roy read Arabic and Persian in this very Madrasa. (Preface to Aayaan-e-Watan – Page-38). This Madrasa of Khanquah is one of the ancient Madrasa of India.

There is also a department of religious judgement (DarulIftaa) in the Khanquah from where religious judgements (Fatwas) are released. This department too is established since long ago. The judgements of this department of Khanquah are taken as authentic.

Khanquah Mujeebia has a publication department of its own where important books are published. The work of publication of books is continued since 1848 A.D. “The Maarif” monthly was released from this department in 1912 A.D. which lasted few years. Thereafter “Al-Mujeeb” monthly was released in 1960 A.D. which continued till 20 years. Presently “Al-Mujeeb” is being published Quarterly. It is counted in one of the reputed magazines of India. Its all expenses are born by the Sajjada Nasheen of Khanquah.

There is an ancient library in Khanquah in which there is a great collection of valuable books and manuscripts. Research scholars within and outside the country use to visit here for study. This library is named as “Kutub Khana Mujeebia Badria”. Such a great collection of manuscripts is now here in the state of Bihar except Khuda Bakhsh library. Library, too, is run and maintained by Khanquah.

There is also a Central Committee for visibility of moon in Khanquah which announces visibility of moon every month. Announcement of visibility of moon for the month of Ramadaan, IdulFitra & IdulAzha is made also through Radio and Television. A big majority of the Muslims depends on and believes in the announcement of Khanquah in this respect. Various branches of Central Committee for visibility of moon are established in Bihar, Orissa and Jharkhand which co-operate with Khanquah regarding visibility of moon and the information in this regard are collected by them.

Khanquah Mujeebia guides the nation and the Muslim community in national and community movements. It played a vital role in the Khilafat Movement, Non-Cooperation Movement, and the struggle for freedom. The eminent figures at Khanquah Mujeebia opposed British rule from the outset.

  • During the reign [1688-1777] of Hazrat Makhdoom Shah Peer Mohd. Mujeebullah Quadri, the British rule took root in the country.
  • His son and successor, Hazrat Makhdoom Shah Nematullah Wali Quadri, avoided British Officers, barring them from Urs celebrations. British Officers seeking to attend Mehfil-Sama’ were firmly prohibited. Few British Officers desired to attend the sittings of Mehfil-Sama’ but he prohibited them strictly and ruled out saying that “he would not sit in the Majlis if they came”. Some British Officers wanted to grant financial aid to Khanquah but it was refused.
  • Hazrat Maulana Shah Mohd. Badruddin Quadri, the Seventh Sajjada Nasheen, was conferred the title “Shams-ul-Ulama” in 1915 A.D. by the British government, but he declined the title, cloak, and medal, rejecting the British award in October, 1920 [click here to view]   and did not accept the award of British Government. During the Khilafat movement, Hazrat actively participated, infusing it with renewed vigor through messages and statements. Prominent figures like Maulana Mohd. Ali Jauhar, Bee Amman, Gandhi ji, and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad visited Khanquah and met him.
  • Hazrat Maulana Shah Mohiuddin Quadri, the eighth Sajjadah Nasheen, delivered fervent speeches against British rule during the Khilafat and non-cooperation movements, before being crowned as Sahib-e-Sajjadah, demonstrating his opposition. Despite multiple arrest warrants, his spiritual influence deterred his arrest, administration dared not to arrest him due to his spiritual impact on society. As the independence movement gained momentum, Hazrat supported it ardently. Unfortunately, Hazrat passed away in April 1947, a few months before India’s freedom was realized. His legacy of resistance against oppression and devotion to national causes lives on.

Khanquah Mujeebia is a symbol of national unity and religious endurance in India. The people of every class and religion visit here. The door of Khanquah is open to all. The guests come here daily. No remuneration is taken for their stay and lodging. They are provided meal from the langer of Khanquah. During the period of Hazrat Tajul Aarfeen, the founder of Khanquah and his successor, Makhdoom Shah Nematullah Quadri, the Hindu pilgrims who did not take cooked food, were provided dry cereal after purchasing it from the grocer. The Hindus used to visit here with great respect and all their needs were fulfilled. The people of every religion and community are treated equally even today. Khanquah Mujeebia has been giving the message of peace, humanity and brotherhood from the very beginning. The great personalities of Khanquah have taught to respect humanity and to love mankind and proved this lesson before the people by their action. There is no discrimination between the people here on the basis of their religion and sect. Khanquah is leading the people to the right path even today with its own features and traditions. The present SajjadaNasheen of Khanquah Mujeebia Janab Hozoor Hazrat Alhaj Maulana Syed Shah Mohd. Ayatullah Quadri who is the eleventh Sajjada Nasheen, is a living example of affection, hospitality and well behaved personality.

The founder of Khanquah had laid down some conditions and limits to his successors. Two conditions are worth mentioning. One of them is that Sajjada Nasheen of Khanquah Mujeebia should be perfect in knowledge and action and the other is that he should be confined to his Hujrah. By the grace of God both these features are in practice till now. All the Sajjada Nasheen were perfect in knowledge and action. Sajjada Nasheendo not go outside khanquah. They can go only for the pilgrimage of Haj & Umrah. They can come out of their Hujrah only to perform five times congregational prayers and to seek well of their ailing relatives and for condolence. The present Sajjada Nasheen is a religious scholar and maintains all the regulations and traditions of Sajjada Nashini.

The detail of successors of Hazrat Tajul Arfin Makhdoom Shah Peer Mujeebullah Quadri is as follows :-

  1. Hazrat Shaikhul Aalameen Makhdoom Shah Mohd.Nematullah Wali Quadri Phulwarvi
    • Born 1160 A.H.—1739 A.D.
    • Died 1247 A.H.—1826 A.D.-
    • Period of Sajjada Nasheeni 55 Years.
  2. Hazrat Fardul Aulia Maulana Shah Abul Hasan “Fard” Quadri Phulwarvi
    • Born 1191 A.H.—1770 A.D.
    • Died 1265 A.H.—1844 A.D.
    • Period of Sajjada Nasheeni 18 Years.
  3. Hazrat Badiul Asr Maulana Shah Noorul Aain Quadri Phulwarvi
    • Born 1236 A.H.—1815 A.D.
    • Died 1268 A.H.—1847 A.D.
    • Period of Sajjada Nasheeni 2 Years 6 Months.
  4. Hazrat Misbahut Taalibeen Maulana Shah Mohd. Ali Habib “Nasr” Mohaddis Quadri Phulwarvi
    • Born 1249 A.H. — 1828 A.D
    • Died 1295 A.H.— 1874 A.D
    • Period of Sajjada Nasheeni 27 Years.
  5. Hazrat Maulana Shah Mohd. Abdul Haque Quadri Phulwarvi
    • Born 1283 A.H.—1866 A.D
    • Died 1302 A.H.—1885 A.D
    • Period of Sajjada Nasheeni 8 Years.
  1. Hazrat Maulana Shah Ainul Haque Quadri Phulwarvi
    • Born 1287 A.H.—1866 A.D.
    • Left Sajjadgi 1309 A.H.—1888 A.D.
    • Period of SajjadaNasheeni 7 Years.
  2. Hazrat Faiyyazul Muslemeen Maulana Shah Mohd. Badruddin Quadri Phulwarvi
    • Born 1268 A.H.—1847 A.D.
    • Died 1343 A.H.—1922 A.D.
    • Date of Sajjada Nasheeni 1309 A.H.—1888 A.D.
    • Period of Sajjada Nasheeni 33 Years.
  3. Hazrat Mohi-ul-Millat Waddin Maulana Shah Mohd. Mohiuddin Quadri Phulwarvi
    • Born 1296 A.H.—1875 A.D.
    • Died 1366 A.H.—1947 A.D.
    • Period of Sajjada Nasheeni 23 Years.
  4. Hazrat Amaanul Mustajeereen Maulana Shah Mohd. Amaanullah Quadri Phulwarvi
    • Born 1340 A.H.—1921 A.D.
    • Died 1405 A.H.—1985 A.D.
    • Period of Sajjada Nasheeni 39 Years.
  5. Hazrat Aarif Billah Maulana Shah Mohd. Rizwanullah Quadri Phulwarvi
    • Born 1363 A.H.—1942 A.D.
    • Died 1424 A.H.—2003 A.D.
    • Period of Sajjada Nasheeni 19 Years.